If your property makes use of a private roadway or extended driveway, repairing damage to this asphalt surface may seem like an overwhelming task. However, the truth is, repairing minor damage such as shallow potholes and spider cracks can often be a relatively simple process that can be completed without the need to hire a professional contractor.
Gathering Your Materials
Before you can begin the process of repairing the damage to your asphalt, you will first need to gather a few basic supplies. These supplies include:
- hand tamper
- stiff bristled broom
- pressure washer (only necessary if cleaning oil or other penetrating stains)
- mixing paddle
- cold asphalt
Prepping for Repairs
Once you have collected all of the necessary materials, you will need to prep the area for repairs. This is done by first using a stiff bristled brush to remove any loose debris from in and around the damaged area. Next, you will need to remove any penetrating stains, such as an oil stain, as these liquids can prevent the new asphalt from curing properly and bonding with the existing materials. In order to completely remove these stains, you will need to make use of a pressure washer.
If your asphalt must be cleaned using a pressure washer, be sure to allow ample time for the asphalt to dry completely before moving forward with your repairs. This is extremely important as the excess moisture content can also prevent your new asphalt from curing properly.
Completing the Repair
Begin by mixing your cold asphalt with the required amount of water in a large bucket. Since different brands will require varying asphalt to water ratios, be sure to follow the instructions provided on your product's packaging in order to achieve the best results.
Once your asphalt is ready for use, fill each hole with a generous amount of asphalt using your trowel. At this point in the repair process, you will want the asphalt to be overflowing out of the damaged area. If you have done this step correctly, each pothole should have a mound of asphalt on top of it that is at least a few inches taller than the surrounding surface.
Finally, use your hand tamper to compress the new asphalt deep into the pothole. While this process is not complicated, it can be labor intensive.
When compressing your asphalt, always remember that the tighter the asphalt is packed into the hole, the longer your repair patch will inevitably last. Therefore, you should really put all of your strength into this final step and continue compressing the repair patch until it is perfectly even with the surrounding materials.
While you can easily repair minor damage using the steps outlined above, it is important to remember that these steps are not intended for the repair of severe damage. If your private roadway is badly weathered or in need of major repairs, you will need to contact a qualified road construction contractor to assess the situation and determine what the best of course of action will be in order to ensure both the function and safety of your asphalt surface.