If you're trying to grow a healthy garden without using harsh chemicals and fertilizers that may affect the quality of the soil, you may think that it's a real challenge. Not all soil is fertile enough to support a garden, and weeds and pests may seem as if they've often taken over. Consider four simple but important tips for keeping your garden healthy while still keeping it organic.
1. Use mulch
Using mulch between your plants can keep the soil moist and also inhibit weed growth. A healthy mulch made from tree bark, leaves, and other organic matter will pack the soil so that it doesn't lose moisture, which in turn means your plants will stay well-watered. Weeds also won't be able to break the surface of the soil, so they won't choke your garden. Companies like Rt 34 Landscape Supply Yard offer mulch.
2. Use compost
Rather than buying expensive and harsh fertilizers from the garden supply store, use compost in your garden. The key to a successful compost is creating it with organic, healthy ingredients. A compost pile is not a trash pile, so you shouldn't add anything to it that you don't want feeding your soil. Adding food scraps to your compost can make it rich and healthy. A good compost will replenish the soil of minerals that are depleted with each planting and, in turn, your garden will become lush and healthy.
3. Introduce healthy insects
Insects are a good way to get rid of pests in your garden so you don't need to use pesticides. Try butterflies and caterpillars to get rid of most insects. Grubs can also eat at pests that are a danger to your plants. Check with your garden supply center for the right type of insect for the plants you're growing, and for the pests you seem to have in your garden.
4. Rotate your plants
Each plant requires a different type of mineral from the soil, so each plant will deplete the soil of various minerals and other properties. To keep the soil healthy, rotate your plants. Never plant the same vegetation year after year, and if you must do this, be sure they're not planted in the same spot in your garden. Have your leafy lettuces in one corner one year and then rotate it with the carrots and soybeans you have planted in another corner. This will keep the soil healthy and you'll see that your plants are more lush every year.
Remember that you can also get important tips on an organic garden from your gardening supply center, and they can give you personalized advice for the types of plants you're trying to grow in particular.